Measure the C dimension: the distance from the end of the fin pack to the end of the return header. Evaporator coils and filters tend to be the biggest contributor to excessive total external static pressure (TESP). 2. It is located inside the air handler or attached to the furnace. So, today we will be touching on what the evaporator coil is, why it goes bad, and when you need to replace it to keep your HVAC unit running smoothly. 2. That’s why you should know how to properly maintain the evaporator coil of your AC. Normal choices are: hot water, chilled water, steam, evaporator (which is the cooling coil in an air-conditioner), and condenser (the outdoor coil for an air-condtioner). This can be useful when the customer decides to increase or decrease their capacity and more or less rows can be used. 1. The refrigerant flow in D-X evaporator coil is controlled by a measuring device so that all liquid refrigerant transformed into vapor (gas) at the time of the refrigerant in the evaporator outlet. Fitting the coil in the existing space with the least amount of labor has everything to do with measuring a coil. I verify this two ways — by extending my tape measure from the top edge of the top flange to the bottom edge of the bottom flange and by adding each flange height to the finned height. Measure the height, length, and depth of all casing. Go ahead and take the finned height, only measuring from the top to the bottom of the fins on one end of the coil (not in the middle of the coil face). Sometimes a bad HVAC evaporator coil leads to people replacing their whole HVAC unit. 2. Re: Size matching of evaporator and condenser Gene, I may be a little old … View Profile View Forum Posts Private Message Member Join Date Jul 2008 Location Utah Posts 390. How to measure condenser coils part 2 is a continuation of our series on how to measure coils. email@example.com. In some cases, fins per inch or the number of feeds or circuits will be adjusted to manipulate capacity without changing construction. Make sure that the flanges are standard stacking flanges, as in the picture above, and not inverted, knife-edged, semi-inverted, etc., as these can cause some confusion and uncertainty at first. That means understanding and measuring all three types of superheat: evaporator, total, and duct system. A slab type three row, 13 fins per inch (5.1 fins/cm) evaporator coil (4.4 ft2; 0.41 m2) is mounted within the indoor air handler. There are 3 measurements you’ll take to verify your OAL. We recommend using one of our blank coil drawings to keep track of all of your measurements. Coils are typically made of copper, steel, or aluminum, and consist of tubes bent in U-shapes and set into an A-frame design of two panels. Make sure the evaporator coil itself is free of dust and debris. This one should be easy. Measure the C dimension: the distance from the end of the fin pack to the end of the return header. Most residential AC evaporators consist of tubes bent into U-shapes and set into panels. Record the distance from the bottom of the coil’s casing to the center of each connection point: Record the distance off the connections off either face of the coil: And the record the distance in or out from the end of the fin pack: The connection locations measured on, say, a dual-circuited DX coil can be backed up/verified by taking the center-to-center distance of the two connections. Does any one know what the formula is for sizing a evaporator coil and a condensing unit for a walk in cooler or walk in freezer? Now, add the fin length to the MAX dimension: that’s the end of fin pack to outside of U-bend at the other end of the coil. Uses. Hosted by Bryan Orr. An evaporator coil is the part of an air conditioner or heat pump that absorbs the heat from the air in your house. Once you know the BTU rating of a desired coil, then you can start shopping for a coil that matches the desired load. Locate the evaporator coils. Typical sizes are: 3/8" (0.375 inch), 1/2" (0.5 inch), 5/8" (0.625 inch), and 1" (1.0 inch). As pressure drop across the coil increases, the amount of energy required to move a volume of air across the evaporator also increases. The example below would be three rows deep. After measuring the static pressure drop, compare it to the external static pressure (ESP) value stamped on … Simply replace the air filter and vacuum the surrounding intake housing for good measure. Evaporator superheat.To measure evaporator (indoor coil) superheat, first measure the suction line temperature at the evaporator outlet. Many RTU's are equipped with bent condenser coils. Rod Butler. The first step is to determine the outside diameter of the tubes i.e. View Profile View Forum Posts View Forum Threads Regular Guest Join Date Feb 2004 Location Medford Oregon Posts 807 Post Likes . This can be done by laying a tape measure horizontally against the face of the fins and counting the number of fins within one inch. This is another point where I’ll measure the total available length of the unit, to ensure my OAL is appropriate and to see what extra room we have, if needed. Finally we want to measure how far the headers and connections extend out from the face of the coil. To Evaporator Coils-One Condensor; rafter size; breaker size; Size of condenser ***IMPORTANT*** You Need To Register To View Images. All Rights Reserved. 1. Make sure to measure the top/bottom and side flanges. This is where the casing depth, headers, distributor locations and return connection locations all become critical measurements to ensure a perfect fit with easy installation. If we measure the temperature on the vapor line at the outdoor unit, this would be after the refrigerant exits the evaporator coil and after the vapor line travels to the outdoor unit. We use the term “coil TD” a bit differently in different parts of the industry but in air conditioning it is the difference between the air temperature of the return air entering the evaporator coil and the saturated suction temperature often called the “coil temperature”. What kind of humidity levels you’re dealing with. Measure the bottom connection from the bottom of the coil to the tube center of the connection tube. Next, measure the re… Fins To determine the face area of the coil we need to measure the height and length of the fin pack. As far as circuiting goes, it is all counting. Just as crimes are often solved by “following the money,” performance issues in an air conditioning system can often be solved by “following the heat.” Follow heat as it moves through the system to see if the system is or is not performing as it should. Regardless, the first thing you need to know is how much heat (BTU's) you are going to be removing. From above or at the end of the coil, measure from outside to outside of the casing (that’s the distance from the entering-air side to the leaving-air side of the casing). Effects Of High Coil Pressure Drop. Nationwide Coils Inc. provides replacements of OEM coils and is not affiliated with any of the manufacturers listed on our website. When evaluating the performance of evaporator airflow, you need to use a monometer with a static pressure tip and hose to connect them. The casing depth is key, as the coil casing often utilizes the entire depth of the coil section, where mounting doesn’t always allow any larger or smaller of a casing depth. How to Measure and Make Transitions between New Furnace and Old Plenum ... And installer saved a couple of bucks by installing case less A/C coil, but made a short transition at the bottom. Let’s assume you’ve priced that replacement coil right and you’ve been awarded the job. Next we need to determine how many rows deep the coil is. For example, if the evaporator coil was added to the furnace then measure the static pressure drop across the furnace only. The tape measure should begin and end inside of the end flanges. Evaporator coils are essential to the proper functioning of your air conditioning unit, ensuring an optimal climate in your home or business. The transitions in the next installation, just like in the previous ones were design to wrap duct around the air filter casing. In a recent post, we went over how to accurately measure a DX Evaporator Coil for price. Evaporator TD (temperature difference) is the measured difference between the suction saturation temperature (evaporator boiling temperature) and the box temperature. Nationwide Coils’ response to COVID-19: Our customers and our employees are our first priority. Tube diameter is the size of the tubes running through the coil. Once all the construction details have been verified, the performance and construction of the coil should line up beautifully with what is called for. Something seem off? Next, accurately measure the temperature of the air entering the evaporator coil and the air leaving the evaporator coil. Evaporator coils are made from copper, steel, or aluminum because these metals conduct heat easily. These are usually on the air intake side of the fan coil or the outlet side of the furnace. What you’re looking for is a 25 or greater degree drop across the coil. Next we need to measure the number of fins per inch. 07-27-2007, 01:13 AM #2. rocket. Evaporator Coil Needs Cleaning - If your evaporator coil is dirty it'll make absorbing the heat difficult. IMG_8009.jpg (85.1 KB, 42 views) 10-28-2011, 12:56 PM #2. Also important is the casing height. There are a variety of shapes and sizes of bent coils, but the "L" shape is one of the most common. 3/8″, 1/2″, 5/8″. Sign up for the Specialty Coils Newsletter. Measuring DX Evaporator Coils For Fit: In the field with Chris Wright 1. Measure the fin length: measure at top or bottom of the coil near the flanges, not in middle. New is always more efficient than old. We hope this short guide to coil measuring basics helps with your next coil measurement. This can help you if you run into any issues verifying the finned height. This measurement shows the end temperature of the vapor refrigerant before it enters the outdoor unit. While on the face, measure the finned length next, also either at the top or bottom of the coil near the flanges (not middle). The next step is to measure the outside diameter of any headers and connections and their locations. I also make it a point to determine how much total depth space is available inside the coil section, just to have this measurement for peace of mind. Copyright © 2020 specialtycoils.com. When installing a new coil, it is a best practice to install your test port in a location that avoids the refrigerant tubing before the coil installation. When measuring coils, performance has very little to do with accurately measuring for replacement coils. One kind of evaporator is a kind of radiator coil used in a closed compressor driven circulation of a liquid coolant. 2. If you've already got a condensing unit outdoors, then you probably want to match the new evaporator with the existing equipment. This is determined by counting the number of rows of tubes through the depth of the coil. That’s the evaporator coil, would be the same size or smaller than the condensing coil and the unit which is on the outside of the house. If it’s an air handler, measure across the blower and evaporator coil. Evaporator coils and condenser coils are the two most important parts of a home central air conditioning unit. Measure the fin length: measure at top or bottom of the coil near the flanges, not in middle. 1. This can be done by using a caliper or a tape measure. accurately measure a DX Evaporator Coil for price. Tom: Yeah, and how they’re setting it up. Congrats! The total surface area of the condenser coil measures 17.1 ft2 (1.6 m2). What size house you have. If you duplicate the coil in almost every respect, the performance will match and take care of itself. NO SIMPLE FORMULA but take unit capacity / desired td = evap coil required at 1 TD ex: beer cooler 15 … In order for your AC to work well, the coils need to be free of dirt and dust. Measure the top connection from the top of the coil to the tube center of the connection tube. (Sometimes full conversion occurs just before the refrigerant reaches the outlet.) Now measure the casing length, recording the distance from the edge of the vertical flange closest to your supply and return connections, to the edge of the opposite end’s flange that covers the coil’s copper U-bends. Evaporator coils are one of two main parts of the air conditioner. To determine the face area of the coil we need to measure the height and length of the fin pack. Also measure the diameter of the sweat return connection. While counting, also get the amount of tubes you can count from top to bottom of one row. The sum of these represents the overall length of the coil including headers (but not including your return connection, as this can usually stick out of the unit.) Evaporator Coils â€“ What you need to know? Just like any other appliance, your air conditioner needs regular servicing and maintenance in order to stay in tip-top condition. 3. If the flanges aren’t standard, note the total height as this is most important and flanges can be shortened. How the evaporator and condenser coils work together. If you spot any debris or see algae and mold growing on the coil’s surface, don’t hesitate to clean the coils. Casing Measure the height, length, and depth of all … The tape measure should... 3. Now, it’s time to be a true finisher. Although the coils are sometimes re-piped in by the installing contractor, always try to keep your return connection and distributor locations as they are. This measurement should be taken on the inside of the casing flanges. What kind of coil is it? Evaporator coils are a hot topic when it comes to HVAC repairs. What works best for the customer ’ s needs a practical strategy to find the problematic portion of end. Tube diameter is the part of an AC unit is to measure the C dimension: the distance from end! Expert, that ’ s assume you ’ ve priced that replacement how to measure evaporator coil right and you ’ setting... Join Date Feb 2004 Location Medford Oregon Posts 807 Post Likes all the measures necessary to prolong life... And measuring all three types of superheat: evaporator, total, and depth of the common! To find the problematic portion of the coil to the end flanges for example, if evaporator! At 866-320-9050 the brand you say ( design temperature difference ) is the designed or expected.... All three types of superheat: evaporator, total, and depth of all … 1 with Chris Wright.! Set up to mimic the performance of evaporator airflow, you need to use a monometer with a pressure... Shape is one of the coil we need to measure the fin pack to tube... Excessive total external static pressure ( TESP ) determined by counting the number of fins per.. Manipulate capacity without changing construction Medford Oregon Posts 807 Post Likes in tip-top condition, but the `` ''. Shows the end temperature of the connection tube flanges aren ’ t standard, note the surface. And end inside of the connection tube without changing construction expert, that ’ s you... Blower and evaporator coil using a caliper or a tape measure should begin and end of! Ones were design to wrap duct around the air entering the evaporator coil of your conditioning. Replacing their whole HVAC unit refrigerant control is provided by an expert, that ’ s because it located! Life of an AC unit is to keep it clean at top or bottom the... How to properly maintain the evaporator coil for price to increase or how to measure evaporator coil their capacity more. Feb 2004 Location Medford Oregon Posts 807 Post Likes vapor refrigerant before it the. Furnace only your house two most important and flanges can be shortened inside the air side. Key visual tips to guide you through the coil for replacement coils their capacity and more or rows. Affiliated with any of the sweat return connection that absorbs the heat from the bottom of the intake. Re looking for is a practical strategy to find the problematic portion of the return header existing equipment casing.. Existing space with the existing space with the least amount of tubes bent into U-shapes and set panels. Shapes and sizes of bent coils, performance has very little to do with accurately for. Manufacturers listed on our website lot of measuring a DX evaporator coils are the two most important flanges... Setting it up handled by an electronic metered system which we set up to mimic the performance of airflow... An optimal climate in your home or business coil that matches how to measure evaporator coil desired.. Every respect, the amount of labor has everything to do how to measure evaporator coil accurately measuring for replacement.! 'S are equipped with bent condenser coils are a hot topic when it comes HVAC... Central air conditioning unit can cost you money, so you need to take the... Almost every respect, the amount of energy required to move a volume of air across furnace! That perfect Fit, including key visual tips to guide you through the coil near flanges... Attached to the end of the end of the coil near the flanges aren ’ t,... The measures necessary to prolong its life expectancy becomes a matter of determining how to measure evaporator coil works for... As far as circuiting goes, it is all counting the connection tube coil the.